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Starting out an email with the right greeting is crucial. It gives recipients their first impression of you, and it sets the tone for the rest of the message. It can mean the difference between your recipient closing the email right away (and condemning it to the trash folder), or reading on.

In short, you need that first impression to be a positive one.

But that’s not to say that the same greeting works in all circumstances. You need to tailor your greeting to suit the type of email you’re sending and the recipient(s) you’re sending it to. And while that might feel like an impossible task with all of the different possibilities out there, it’s not as hard as it might seem. Here’s how to start an email, plus 50 key greetings you can try for various situations.

Starting an email

There are no hard-and-fast rules about how to start an email. In the past, there were strict rules about using “Dear” followed by a surname in any formal letter or email. Under no circumstances would you reach out to a perfect stranger and say “Hey!”

Nowadays, the lines are more blurred. It all boils down to how well you know the recipient, the context of the message, and what you’re expecting to achieve as a result of your email.

From a punctuation point of view, there are still some rules that are worth following. Start by putting a comma after the email greeting, and then capitalize the first letter of the opening sentence. For example:

“Dear Mrs. Smith,

I’m writing to you in response to …”

5 Best Practices on How to Start an Email

1. Find the Right Contact

When sending a cold email, it’s important to make an effort to personalize your message – it’s no secret that a personalized email is more likely to be opened, read, and acted upon than a generic mailshot.

Whenever possible, do your research and find out exactly who you need to be sending your email to. For starters, try to find a direct email address rather than a generic help desk email. Then, do your best to find the most relevant person to reach out to. If you’re hoping to promote email marketing software but reach out to the head of public relations, you’re reducing your chances of success.

2. Determine the Goal/Purpose of Your Email

Whether you’re carrying out a mass email marketing campaign or writing a bespoke email to a known recipient, it’s always useful to keep the purpose of your email in mind.

Your goal might be to introduce yourself or your business for the first time (cold outreach); recover a lost lead or dormant customer; or simply to send out your monthly newsletter. Whatever it is, knowing the purpose of your email and its context will help you to start it in the most appropriate way.

3. If in Doubt, Err Towards Being More Formal

A personalized email is generally more engaging than a formal one, but sometimes being too relaxed can rub people up the wrong way. If you’re not sure what tone to take, your safest bet is to be a bit more formal rather than overly friendly. Then, you can adjust your tone based on the response you receive, if necessary.

4. Watch Your Grammar

A surefire way of giving your recipient a bad first impression is to mess up on your grammar. When it comes to starting your email, the main punctuation you need to worry about is the comma after the recipient’s name.

Whether or not you choose to include a comma is not important. Consistency is. As a rule of thumb, if you use a comma after the salutation, then use one at the end of your letter when you sign off.

5. Consider the Context of the Message

Lastly, for your email to make sense (and therefore make an impact), the greeting should be in keeping with the rest of your message. The tone, purpose, and style of your email must be reflected in the way you address the recipient. If there’s a mismatch, then you risk causing confusion.

Say you’re sending a message to a loyal customer to announce they’ve been carefully selected to benefit from an exciting new promotion. The context of the message would suggest you’d address the email in a personalized and friendly manner, such as “Hey [first name]!” To start it with “Dear sir/madam” would be incongruous and confusing.

Additional Reading: 5 Introduction Email Templates That Work in 2020

Cold email greetings

When you’re reaching out to a contact with whom you have no prior connection, it’s important to get the tone right. If you’re overly familiar, you’ll turn them off right away and probably end up in the junk folder. So, in those cases, whether or not you know their name, it’s always best to stay formal.

If you don’t know their name:

It’s tricky if you’re reaching out over email but don’t have a specific name. Do your best to find a contact name, even if it’s not the exact person you’re trying to get ahold of. However, if you really can’t find it, then the following are still broadly acceptable greetings:

1. “Dear sir/madam”

2. “To whom it may concern”

3. “To…” e.g. “To the Financial Director”

If you do know their name:

4. “Dear Mr./Mrs./Ms. [surname]”

5. Dear [first name]

Cold emails are always best if you’ve done some research beforehand. That way, you can add some personalized context immediately after your greeting. For example:

“Dear Mr. Smith,

I really enjoyed your last article about …”

Any form of personalization softens your cold email greeting, and makes it much more likely that the recipient will read on.

Informal greetings

Informal email greetings are those we use every day: with our bosses, our families, and our friends and acquaintances. That said, relaxed email greetings are increasingly being used in traditionally formal contexts like the cold outreach emails we’ve just discussed. How and when you use them entirely depends on your brand style and voice:

6. “Dear [first name]”

7. “Hello”

8. “Hi”

9. “Hey”

10. “I hope this email finds you well”

11. “I hope you enjoyed your weekend”

12. “I hope you’re doing well”

13. “Hope you’re having a great week”

14. “How are you doing?”

15. “How’s it going?”

16. “I’d love to get your advice on …”

17. “Long time no see”

18. “It’s been a while”

Follow-up greetings

Follow-up emails are easy to start, because you’ve got the perfect prompt to kick you off. They also allow you to get to the point quickly:

19. “As we discussed on our phone call …”

20. “As promised, here’s …”

21.“I’m checking in on …”

22. “Following up on our meeting …”

23. “Can you please provide me an update on …”

24. “Here’s more information on …”

25. “It was great to meet you at [event]”

Reply emails

Replying to an email is similar to writing a follow-up email. It allows you to ping back a response with a straightforward greeting:

26. “Thanks for the quick response”

27. “Thanks for getting back to me”

28. “Thanks for the update”

29. “Great to hear from you”

Time of day

Using the time of day as a message opener is always a winner – it’s friendly, yet relatively formal:

30. “Good morning” (Before midday)

31. “Good afternoon” (Midday until 6 p.m.)

32. “Good evening” (6 p.m. onwards)

33. “G’day” (used in Australia)

A response to a trigger

When something has triggered you to write an email, you can often get away with not using a salutation like “Dear” or even “Hi.” It’s perfectly acceptable to make the thing you’re writing about form the greeting itself. For example, if your contact has just won a prize, it would be odd to write:

“Dear Sarah,

Congratulations on winning the top prize at …”

Instead, this would seem more natural:

“Congratulations on winning the top prize, Sarah! I knew you could do it!”

So, if you’re about to start about an email, think about the context in which you’re writing it, and consider using that contextual trigger as your opener:

34. “Congratulations on …”

35. “I hope you enjoyed your [vacation/event]”

36. “I love your recent [article/social post/photo/video]”

37. “I was just thinking about you”

38. “This reminded me of you”

39. “[Mutual friend/contact] reminded me to get in touch with you”

Writing to several people

You have a few choices when writing to more than one recipient at a time. Try starting your message with “Hi everyone,” or:

40. “Hi [first name 1], [first name 2], and [first name 3],”

When someone sees their name in a list, they’re more likely to open the email and read it.

Slang greetings

These greetings should be reserved for people you know well and with whom you share a more colloquial lingo. Often these greetings are the domain of younger generations, but not necessarily:

41. “Yo”

42. “Alright”

43. “Howdy”

44. “ ‘Sup ”

Humorous greetings

Reaching out with humor can be a useful way of breaking the ice. This style is often used in promotional sales emails to increase open and read rates.

But you should be sure of your audience, or it could make things awkward. Best to use a lightness of tone, rather than a full-blown joke:

45. “Happy Hump Day”

46. “Only x days til Friday”

47. “Happy Fri-YAY!”

48. “Hope you’re surviving”

49. “Had your coffee?”

50. “Me again …”

It might also be worth getting creative with your greetings, using emojis ✋ or gifs to add something extra.

In summary

When you’re kicking off an email, you need to be conscious of who you’re writing to and the context of the message. Both will determine how you craft those all-important opening words.

A well-written salutation will determine how well the rest of your message will be received, regardless of whether you’re contacting a potential client or your best friend. Hopefully this list will help you pick the right words to fit the right circumstances, so feel free to use these ideas in your day-to-day correspondence.ADD_THIS_TEXT

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